Divisional Headquarters and Depots of the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company

 

In 1908 the pulpwood operations of the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company started out with one logging division, Millertown, Between 1910 and 1925 three other divisions would be added; Badger, Bishop’s Falls, and Terra Nova. Each division had a headquarters, located in or near a satellite community.  In the days of horse, and later tractor, transport, the distance which supplies could be transported in a day was limited; horses, even when being distributed to camps could still only travel so far in a day. Therefore the distances between the headquarters’ and the camps necessitated the establishment of supply depots, for the warehousing of food and other camps supplies, accommodating loggers in transit, and the stabling of horses.  This distances were greatest in Millertown Division, and this is why there were at least nine depots established in that division. The evolution of truck transport, and the building of motor roads in the 1920s and 30s gradually improved transportation, cutting down on the number of depots needed. Until the 1950s most of these roads were still relatively rough and even with trucks, transporting supplies could be challenging.  The overall improvement of road conditions and the fact that many of the far flung areas had been cut over meant that most, if not all of the logging depots were closed between 1950 and 1970. These road and transportation improvements also meant that far fewer camps needed to operate as loggers no longer needed to walk to the cutting areas. 

Although this list is quite lengthy, I would not be surprised if it is not complete, and further examples come to light in the future. 

Division/Divisional Headquarters

Depot

In Operation

Nearest Body of Water

Building and Facilities noted at Depot

 

Millertown

Millertown

1908-

Red Indian Lake

Company Office, Supply stores, large barn, farm, machine shop, forge, dock for steamers, loggers hotel, small railway station. Shed for storing locomotives at dam.

 

Millertown

Harbour Round

1908-1920’s

Red Indian Lake

Dock for steamers, forge, warehouse and supply store. In pictures there appear to be some large buildings and an elaborate wharf here.

Was actually enumerated in the 1921 Census.

 

Harmsworth Steady

1910-1920’s

Victoria River

Forge, Supply store, cookhouse, bunkhouse.

 

 

Harpoon

Circa 1926

Harpoon Brook/ Harpoon Dam

Supply store.

Wagon road was built to here around 1921. Supply store, barn, etc. From the one picture that I have seen this was bigger than I had imagined.

 

Lake Ambrose

1928-1960’s

Lake Ambrose/Harpoon Brook

Railhead for Harpoon Tramway. Bunkhouses, garages, warehouses, barn.  At least one family actually lived here. One of the biggest depots.

 

 

Rogerson Lake

1930s

North Eastern side of Rogerson Lake

Not known, but probably boat dock and supply store.

In 1939 map it appears that most of the camps around Rogerson had been closed. Prior to that there had been at least 9 camps around the lake, in 1939 there are only approximately 2. Depot probably closed soon after.    

 

Lake Wilding

1930s

At southern end of Lake Wilding

 

Not known, but probably wharf for boat, bunk and cook houses. This was a supply depot for the camps on Hospital Pond, Blizzard Pond, Snowshoe Pond, which were the furthest from Millertown at this time. By 1939 it appears that most of these camps had closed, as operations were shifting up Noel Paul.

 

Tally Brook

1930’s

Near Junction of Tally Brook and Noel Paul’s Brook, at Junction of motor road from Lake Ambrose

 

On 1939 Map, probably shifted to Pine Falls. Supplying camps on Eastern Side of Noel Paul.

 

Pine Falls

1940’s-1960’s

Noel Paul’s Brook

Welding shop, recreation hut, bunkhouses, repair shops, barn, dock for boat “Iron Sides,” Pine Falls was the end of the line in 1939, depot probably relocated here shortly after 1939.

 

 

26-Mile Depot

1950s-1970s

Victoria River

Gas pump and tanks, barn, cookhouse, bunkhouses

 

Badger

Badger Divisional Headquarters

1910-1966?

Badger Brook and Exploits River

Company office, Tractor repair shop, garages, warehouse, supply store, river scow, barn, carpenter shop, fuel tanks on and a number of other buildings on other side of the river, fire patrol station, railroad sidings.

 

Badger

South Twin Lake Depot

1920’s-1955

South Twin Lake

Sawmill, docks for boats, warehouses, booms and piers for pulpwood. Depot closed in 1955 and all supplies were trucked directly from Badger. Daily News Nov 8, 1955

Reportedly First truck (Dodge ton and a half) was used between here and Badger in 1927. AND CO was known to have purchased a Model T truck for use in building road to here in 1923.

 

Black Duck

1920’s

Exploits River in area of outflow of Black Duck Brook, near Red Indian Falls

Probably warehouse, cookhouse, bunkhouse. Possibly wharf as it was a landing area for boats, and the furthest motor tugs could get up the river without a portage

Possibly not an actual depot, but seems to be an area where supplies were offloaded and perhaps stored. Noted to be 6 or 7 camps around Black Duck in the 1920’s when they started using tractors. Black Duck Brook is not a big brook and was limited for driving, although some driving has been noted. Location is near Red Indian Falls which was a trouble spot during the log drive and boats would have had to be portages over the falls. I have little doubt that this depot consisted of supply sheds and a few log structures, nothing elaborate.

 

Telephone line from Grand Falls to Millertown also crossed river here.

 

Sandy Lake

1940’s-1960’s

Sandy Brook-Sandy Lake. Connected to Badger by Sandy Motor Road.

Dam, booms and piers for pulpwood

Warehouse, cookhouse, sheds, dam, booms and piers for pulpwood. Boats were built here for the area. Most of the infrastructure seems to have been gone by the time the hydro development was put on Sandy Brook.

 

West Branch

1950’s-1960’s

West Branch Sandy Brook, West Lake, Old Sandy Road.

Small headquarters for divisional staff

Small headquarters for divisional and woods department staff. Not really a supply depot. By this point most all of the supplies were coming in directly from Badger and later Grand Falls.

Bishop’s Falls

Rattling Brook Depot (Main Depot-Divisional HQ)

1920’s-1957

Exploits River and Great Rattling Brook

Cookhouse, bunkhouses, farm, dam, dock for boats. There was a small community here. Initially a Depot was put here in 1913 for Central Forests and A.E Reed before AND Co moved in in 1920s. Closed in 1957 except for barn, and the were offices moved to old mill building in Bishop’s Falls

 

 

30-Mile Depot

   

Could possibly have existed with the Central Forests Company and AE Reed. Barn. Cookhouse, bunkhouse. Used until the late 1950’s. Appears buildings were  built and rebuilt over the years.

 

 

45-Mile Depot

   

Cook House, Barns. There was a dam here as well. More information needed. Now a cabin area.

 

 

Jumper’s Brook

 

Jumper’s Brook Road, and Gander to Grand Falls Highway.

Employment office moved to Jumper’s Brook shortly after the Bond Bridge was completed..

Not a depot in the traditional sense. Was location (until 1913) of depot for Central Forest’s Company, in 1913 a forest fire destroyed this original depot

Glenwood

Glenwood

 

Near junction of Gander River and Gander Lake.

Warehouse, and docking facilities were located here to supply the A.N.D camps on the other side of Gander Lake. Bowaters had a much bigger presence here because it had more timber lands in the area, and the area was one of their district headquarters. 

Glenwood bears the distinction of being the only place that was a depot for both the Anglo-Newfoundland Development Company and Bowaters. I am not sure how long a depot was operated here but it was active in the 1940’s and 1950’s.

Terra Nova/Alexander Bay Division

Terra Nova

1923-1963

Terra Nova Village

Divisional Headquarters. Jackladder operation and railway sidings for pulpwood, warehouses machine shop, forge, barn offices. Located directly on the railway.

Original headquarters may have been at Angle Brook.

 

Gambo

 

Gambo

Offices, loading plant, warehouse.

It almost seems as if Gambo was treated as a separate or sub division of Terra Nova. Timber limits had been acquired here before those in Terra Nova, logging operations continued here after Terra Nova shut down, later became part of Bishop’s Falls Division. Sawmill, employment office, railway loading area. Gambo could also fall under the category of headquarters.

 

8-Mile Depot

 

Terra Nova Lake

 

Landing area for boats coming from Terra Nova to get to camps in area.

 

Lake St. John

     

Lake St. John

 

Cover photo is road building at or near the 26-Mile Depot circa 1949, courtesy of Muriel (Fogwill) Squires.

UPDATE: As predicted, I found another Depot, this one was at Lake of the Woods in Millertown Division, on the Noel Paul System. It was there in 1939, it seems a bit odd because it is fairly close to the depot at Lake Wilding, and connected to Lake Wilding by road. My guess is that that section of road was new in 1939. If I recall correctly when accessing the camps at Lake Wilding in 1935 loggers came in from Lake Ambose, but crossed both Rogerson Lake, and Lake Wilding by boat. 

Further Reading:

Obituary for Harry S, Crowe 1955

One comment

  1. My grandfather William White was in . WW1 caring for horses and went to Millertown with John Potts . He married in 1921 to Edward Kellys daughter and in newspaper 1922 it said that they were living at Harpoon, WILLIAM DAY

    Like

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